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Linux in a Nutshell

This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.

Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.

Buy it now, or read it online on Safari Bookshelf.


grpconv grpunconv

System administration command. Like pwconv, the grpconv command creates a shadowed group file to keep your encrypted group passwords safe from password-cracking programs. grpconv creates the /etc/gshadow file based on your existing /etc/groups file and replaces your encrypted password entries with x. If you add new entries to the /etc/groups file, you can run grpconv again to transfer the new information to /etc/gshadow. It will ignore entries that already have a password of x and convert those that do not. grpunconv restores the encrypted passwords to your /etc/groups file and removes the /etc/gshadow file.

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