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Linux in a Nutshell

This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.

Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.

Buy it now, or read it online on Safari Bookshelf.


join [options] file1 file2

Join lines of two sorted files by matching on a common field. If either file1 or file2 is -, read from standard input. Often used to merge data stored in text-based file formats such as comma-separated-value formatted spreadsheets.


-a filenum

Print a line for each unpairable line in file filenum, in addition to the normal output.

-e string

Replace missing input fields with string.

-i, --ignore-case

Ignore case differences when comparing keys.

-1 fieldnum1

The join field in file1 is fieldnum1. Default is the first field.

-2 fieldnum2

The join field in file2 is fieldnum2. Default is the first field.

-o fieldlist

Order the output fields according to fieldlist, where each entry in the list is in the form filenum.fieldnum. Entries are separated by commas or blanks.

-t char

Specifies the field-separator character (default is whitespace).

-v filenum

Print only unpairable lines from file filenum.


Print help message and then exit.


Print the version number and then exit.

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